Tuesday, November 24, 2009

Lecture 23: Transliteracy and Narrative

During our last class many of us read a multimodal fiction for the first time. Reading through the comments it is clear that everyone realises how different a narrative like Inanimate Alice is from other texts we've covered in class. Not only is there a fictional element (as so far we have focussed on non-fiction essays) but the coming together of sounds, images, video, text and user interaction require a different reading strategy.

Today we are going to perform a kind of close reading of a few scences from Inanimate Alice. This activity will model how one might perform a multimodal "literary" analysis. In other words, we'll examine how the different modes work together (or against each other) to develop the story.

At the end of the lesson I'd like you to being work on your blog comment which is due on the blog before Thursday's class. This one is worth 3% of your mark.

Choose ONE of the following:
  • Writer a letter to the authors: Kate Pullinger and Chris Joseph
                ** Use strong English, give examples
                ** ask at least two questions
               ** length should be two paragraphs
  • Create a podcast reflection of Episodes 1 and 2 (include the link to your podcast and e-mail me the HTML and the written version). Analyse the role of multimodality. You might use http://www.mypodcast.com// or http://audacity.sourceforge.net/
  • Create a google map of places from the first two episodes of Inanimate Alice (include the link to your map in the comment and e-mail me the HTML). For each place marked on the map include:
                              **analysis of the story related to that area
                              **and a link to an image

Note, if you choose to do the google map activity, you might want to check out The 21 Steps.

Note: 21 Steps image from: http://www.ganyet.com/interface/21-steps-literature-meets-google-maps

Reminder, on Thursday we'll be in the computer lab again: 5-231.


Student Responses:

By Ivy:

View Inanimate Alice in a larger map

By Jin:

Episode1: China

In the episode 1, Alice's family moved to Northern China because of her father to find oil. One day, Alice's father did not come back after he went out to search for oil. Alice and her mom tried to look for the father. Along the path, there was nothing but endless desert and darkness. Fortunately, Alice and her mother managed to find him with instinct and imagination.

Realistically, there is no oil in northern China. All the oil reserves are in north eastern and southern China. So, Alice's father was probably not find oil. Since China is going through the unbalanced development and urbanization, there is a huge gap between rural and urban area like what Alice has felt.

HTML China

View Larger Map

China Image

Episode2: Italy

Alice's family went to Italy for vacation from Saudi Arabia. Alice went to Italy for ski camp. Thus, I found out that Alice was probably in the northern side of Italy because the most of ski resorts are in the northern side.
From the story, I noticed that Alice was living in the middle part of Saudi Arabia. Through the google map search, the oil reserves are concentrated in the middle part. Alice's father was most likely to work for the same company, so I concluded. Furthermore, because of the extremely hot and dry weather in Saudi Arabia, I concluded Alice's family went to Italy to be away from the hot weather as well as to rest.

Italy Image

Saudi Arabia Image

HTML Saudi Arabia

View Larger Map

HTML Italy

View Larger Map

By Taosha:

在较大的地图中查看 Inanimate Alice map

By Michael

View Inanimate Alice in a larger map


  1. http://maps.google.com/maps/ms?hl=en&ie=UTF8&msa=0&msid=113964510014591920375.000479365b56ae393278e&ll=24.647017,45.043945&spn=26.10048,46.450195&z=5

  2. Dear Kate Pullinger and Chris Joseph,
    I really enjoyed your interactive story, this piece requires the reader to think in depth about what their watching. I felt overwhelmed at first but slowly got used to this new kind of narrative. Inanimate Alice entails you to listen, watch, read, and interact, which is different that the average person is used to when sitting down to read. I really liked how every so often you get to play a game; this made me be more alert. Another aspect of the story I thought was interesting was that we never get to see any of the characters, is there a deeper meaning to this?
    I noticed that Alice is obsessed with her handheld game; she plays with it while she’s supposed to be looking for her dad and she always has it on her mind. An inquiry that has formed from this is, was this to show Alice is still a child and hides behind her toy to keep from facing reality? Is the toy significant or just plainly a necessary element of the story? Another question I have is, why you chose to have static as a music source? Is there a metaphoric meaning or is it supposed to annoy you and make you feel uneasy? I truly took pleasure in reading this piece of work. Thanks again for your time, hope to hear from you soon!
    Dana Richardson

  3. http://maps.google.com/maps/ms?ie=UTF8&hl=zh-CN&msa=0&ll=-17.476432,4.394531&spn=58.85485,172.441406&z=3&msid=106413467115278475899.0004793f62cb3034cacc0

  4. Blog Assignment #3

    Dear Kate Pullinger and Chris Joseph:

    After seeing inanimate Alice, I have decided to write this letter to you two. I really enjoyed this transliteracy story. It’s very creative and fun. Although, I do have to admit that it was a little confusing and overwhelming to start off with, but I had quickly gotten used to it. I have never seen a combination of all three audio, visual and interaction in one story. It’s very unique keeping me more entertained especially with the little interactions of games. What kind of programs did you guys use to combine this story together and how long does it take to make one episode?
    The story portrays a very typical young girl; playing with technology, wanting things such as a puppy, going out for dinner and being so attached to her parents. One thing that does make the story stand out is how there is a different destination for every episode making the story a little more extra ordinary and exciting. It makes me wonder where the next location will be! The audio and visual itself is able to make me feel more intentive and adding tension whenever a problem arises. I will definitely continue on reading the stories you guys produce.
    Thank you for your time in reading this letter.


    Kalmy Wong

  5. Hi Dana,

    you've picked up on a number of good points there!

    Firstly - why you never get to see the characters. This is definitely intentional, and comes from a feeling that Kate and I have that part of the reason fiction can be so powerful is that your brain adds the visuals. In fact having too many specific visuals can actually be quite limiting - so there is definitely a balance in this kind of work between setting a scene, and allowing the reader room to imagine for themselves. And particularly with characters - I think it much better to imagine what Alice and her parents look like, rather than have them dictated by us the authors. The interesting thing is that (in this series) this means that the 'fictional' character Brad is actually the most visually defined and traditionally 'real'... and this is quite important much later in the series (episodes 7 and 8, a long way away yet!)

    The player that Alice is always using is definitely significant. It's her way of interacting with the world, and with Brad, and it's something that develops as the series progresses as well. But your reading of this - Alice hiding behind her toy - is correct too, I think, particularly when she is a lonely younger girl. In later episodes I think she begins to use it more as you or I might use a smartphone or computer - communications, mapping, note-taking, games etc.

    The static sound is actually the 'sound' of electromagnetic radiation (I say 'sound' because you can't hear this radiation without another device to convert it into sound - but you might hear something like this if you hold your cellphone near a television, for example). It is definitely an important plot point later in the series, but I can't say any more than that for now :)

    Anyway, thanks for your comments, and I'm really happy that you enjoyed the story!


  6. Hi Kalmy,

    I'm glad you got used to it! It's quite different from a traditional fiction, but hopefully once you get into it the story is still the thing that drives you along...

    There are quite a few programs used to create the average episode, but the most important is Adobe Flash, which allows you to combine text, images, animations, videos, sound and interactivity, and to put it out on the internet in a way that pretty much anyone can see if they are online. The images are mostly created in Photoshop, though any graphics software could be used... and the sounds/music using Soundforge and ACID Pro, though again there are lots of (free) alternatives to these available now.

    The time taken to create an episode is unfortunately increasing as the complexity of the episodes increases! The first one took 2-3 months, while Episode 4 took more like 5-6 months. But it's quite hard to be accurate on that as Kate and I work on other projects at the same time. Episode 5 has taken ages so far, but mainly because we've both been very busy with other work.

    Very happy that you'll keep reading... and hope you keep enjoying them!


  7. Dear Pullinger and Joseph,

    I find your story of Inanimate Alice very intriguing. It's refreshing how the two of you incorporate so many different elements into one story. The stimulating sounds mixed with the interactive games only encouraged me to want to continue to each next slide. My only concern is the potential of missing an underlying message with so many different aspects of the story conveying their own purpose. I know it can be often be worse to only understand something in part then not to understand it at all. Are the vital messages trying to be conveyed in Inanimate Alice often blatant? Or is it necessary to dive deeper and dissect all the different aspects of the story?

    Another joy for myself in reading Inanimate Alice stems from the photographs. Episode two contained various pictures. The photographs I found particularly interesting were the photo's of Saudi Arabia. As a result of the media, many of the pictures we are subjected to are often conflict induced, rarely are we shown one of neutrality. It is interesting to be shown some of the cultures associated with Inanimate Alice as we often do not get the opportunity to see them from a neutral standpoint as part of a story. Where do you find these photograph's? Various resources? Were they taken by yourself in the actual climates?

    Thank you in advance for your response.
    I can tell you I will continue to read until the series is finished.


    Joshua Cunningham

  8. Dear Kate Pullinger and Chris Joseph,

    I have recently come across your internet based literary marvel Inanimate Alice, and a commendation is in order for its interactive innovation. Readers take an active role in determining the outcome of the story by participating in puzzles and games that revolve around Alice. This text is a revolutionary step outside of the box that further opens the imagination of readers and stimulates all of the senses at once. What was the inspiration you two experienced in order to plan and create such a story? The answer would surely be grounds for other authors to follow in your imaginative footsteps and a new genre of literature could be born.
    Inanimate Alice is surrounded by symbolism that is intertwined into the various sounds and images of each particular slide. The locations, for example, in which Alice resides are each particularly remote in comparison to the rest of the surrounding region. The imagery associated with the barren landscape is a lonely little girl, forced to create her own means of entertainment. Is all the imagery used premeditated, or did some of the relationships between sound, image, and text come about through chance? The incredible correlation between all factors of the text is a dumbfounding triumph in regards to the authors.

    Brian Lees

  9. Dear Kate Pullinger and Chris Joseph,

    I recently watched episodes 1-3 of your wonderful creation, Inanimate Alice. It was the first time I have read an online fiction and the experience was very significant to me. I feel the story was put together very well and I was quite entertained while I participated. The choice of music and images bode very well with the story and there were many techniques I noticed that created a sense of how Alice feels without having her tell us. Some examples that caught my attention was the pace and loudness of the music and things such as the darkness or lightness of the screen. Although we get a good sense of the characters by reading the story is there a reason we do not get to see the main characters in the story while we get to see her teacher Aiysha? The participation in the episodes is something that makes Inanimate Alice different from a story or a video. I enjoyed participating in the activities presented such as, taking pictures of the flowers in episode one and collecting dolls in episode three. Besides making the story fun, was there a sole reason why you chose to allow participation in the episodes?

    I am very excited to watch episode 4 of Inanimate Alice and I am hoping for more episodes to come. Have you decided how many episodes there will be of this particular story? When you have completed Inanimate Alice do you have any plans to create any new online fictions? I believe that stories like Inanimate Alice are only the beginning of online fictions and I really hope to see more like this in the near future. This was a great creation for the modern world as nearly all people are more than familiar with computers and the internet. Truthfully, I was not aware of the idea of transliteracy or online stories until I watched Inanimate Alice but I believe popularity will dramatically increase as more people know about these marvelous creations.


    Kamille Stead

  10. Dear Kate Pullinger and Chris Joseph,
    I really enjoyed your transliteracy story of Intimate Alice, even though at first it was fairly overwhelming and confusing. But as we read further into the episodes I started to understand all the overwhelming sounds, movements and color. They over illustrate the story in a way that makes it more exciting to read then just a book or to just watch a movie. Intimate Alice is definitely a technological advancement of our everyday book. Some books you can get lost in and not be able to picture what is happening, and Intimate Alice eliminated this issue. What give you the idea to putting forward this kind of entertainment and who was your intended audience?
    Alice seems to keep to herself a lot throughout the episodes. She comes across as very interdependent with certain loneliness to her. She also seems to almost depend on her electronic device, it’s always involved and she’s always thinking of it or playing with it. Why is it that she’s so dependent on it? An also why are her parents never there, there not there as parents there always missing or in trouble.
    -Tanya Henderson

  11. Dear Kate Pullinger and Chris Joseph,

    After recently having read, viewed, and listened to the first chapters of “Inanimate
    Alice,” I am honestly impressed with the turn out. The narrative finds a nice balance between interaction and imagination. While typical fiction relies solely on the interpretation of the reader, your narrative incorporates elements of imagery and sound to assist in the direction of the reader/ viewer/ listener's experience. The use of interactive game-play does the job of keeping the follower's attention very well. While the presentation of events takes some getting used to, the overall plot is enhanced via the incorporation of auditory and visual output.
    Considering your narrative was the first of its kind that I have experienced, I do not suppose you know of any other interactive literature that currently exists? If so, how long has this form of narrative been around? It is a very interesting piece of work, to say the least. How long did it take to create? Do you plan to create any additional transliterary pieces?

    Blaine White

  12. http://maps.google.com/maps/ms?hl=en&ptab=2&ie=UTF8&oe=UTF8&msa=0&msid=111839475430941376497.0004794b4bb6483c58950

  13. Der Kate Pullinger and Chris Joseph,

    In our English 102 class we recently began participating your interactive story "Inanimate Alice". Your use of visuals and sound to accompany a traditional piece of literature is quite refreshing, and the story is a pleasant experience. However, it has left me with a couple of questions.

    First, at the popular site www.newgrounds.com many examples of digital flash media are available. How would you say your story differs from these forms of interactive media? To me, it appears identical, at least in presentation, to many of the available flash games and movies at www.newgrounds.com. That being said, my "feel" of your story is more akin to reading a piece of literature as opposed to playing or watching traditional flash media. What would you say are the key differences between inanimate Alice and other similar products available on the net?

    Second, how was the concept of "Inanimate Alice" created? While it would be foolish to think of your story as a revolutionary example of technical innovation, that is to say media similar to yours has been around for years, what prompted the idea? The use of user interaction definitely appears to be a key element of the story, allowing the viewer to connect with the story on a level previously not obtainable from text alone. In addition, mood is set not through description but through lighting and sound effects. What were the key influences that resulted in "Inanimate Alice" coming to fruition, and how did you come up with and decide on the various light, sound, and interactive effects added to enrich the story?

    Jamie Halford

  14. Dear Kate Pullinger and Chris Joseph,

    Re: Inanimate Alice

    I recently experienced “Inanimate Alice” and thought it was a great interactive story. It certainly requires you to be transliterate because it is not like reading a normal book in print. "Inanimate Alice" is not only great for adults but could be viewed and understood by most people. I thought the images and sound worked together to give Alice emotion and let the reader feel what she feels, whether it is a happiness, sadness, anxiety, or fear. I am curious as to what kind of technology was used to produce “Inanimate Alice” because I was surprised by the way the pictures, sound, text, and interactive games all contributed to the effect. Is this kind of program available to a regular student such as myself?

    The interactive experience makes it easy for the reader to be aware of Alice’s growth. As the episodes progress you are able to follow along with Alice’s development. I noticed that as Alice grows older the music becomes faster and tenser because her life becomes more complex and on edge. I was wondering why you chose to have the static sound rather than music. I liked that Alice is a homodigetic character because it is interesting to view the story through a young child’s point of view. I find the character “Brad” very interesting because after only viewing the first 3 episodes I am confused as to what the purpose of Brad is. Will Brad’s purpose become clearer as the episodes progress?

    Thank you for your time and I look forward to the upcoming episodes!

    Sara Wolbeck

  15. To Kate Pullinger and Chris Joseph,

    I definitely enjoy and am starting to develop a slight addiction for reading material presented in the fashion that you presented Inanimate Alice. Learning through multiple forms of communication is much more effective in that it lets the reader’s brain process the information in more ways than one, through sound, written words, pictures, interaction, or game. This is why Inanimate Alice is so effective in allowing the reader to really use their brain, and have a sound understanding of what ideas are being developed throughout the story. However, readers must make their way through the story slowly and methodically in order to not miss out on any key details or ideas. My guess would be that the form of Inanimate Alice to be more effective, although, before the reading of Inanimate Alice, I was not fully aware how many different methods information can be conveyed in. However, have studies shown that presenting information in multiple forms of communication to be more effective for learning?

    I am excited to continue reading the Inanimate Alice series, and to discover more underlying messages, develop more questions, and of course, enjoy the interaction offered by Inanimate Alice. It is interesting how so far in the development of Inanimate Alice, there have been no visuals of Alice’s family and herself. Will their images be saved for a critical moment in the story? I cannot wait to find out, and I thank you for your time.

    Josh Taschuk

  16. Dear Kate Pullinger and Chris Joseph,

    I reviewed (read/viewed) your first episode of Inanimate Alice in an afternoon University class this month. By that evening I had independently viewed each episode numerously – I love them! When I first reviewed episode number 1, the combination of multiple senses the story was able to stimulate was slightly overwhelming but as I continued reviewing I felt as if the lens through which I normally read had been polished. I was able to understand Alice’s emotions and feelings through fewer words then I thought possible. The idea to express a story via internet using various stimulates is brilliant idea which makes me curious; was this your idea, if so, did or could you patent this concept?

    I’ve noticed when you present images connected to her father’s oil work they are often in motion and/or seem to be more out of focus in comparison to the majority of other images. Is this to represent Alice’s lack of knowledge and confusion of her father’s work or rather to show her dislike toward how it consumes much of his time? The feature of your transliterate work that I found to be most intriguing was the absence of faces. With all the images presented and outlines of bodies, not one face is shown (with the exception of Brad). Even Alice’s tutor was supporting her Burka though she seemed to be in the comfort of her house, which is the one place Muslim women are permitted to have it removed. In a novel people are described with facial characteristics which provides limits to ones imagination, I admire your decision to leave out personal images and descriptions.

    I am left waiting for the additional episodes in great anticipation.


    Braden Thomson

  17. http://maps.google.com/maps/ms?ie=UTF8&hl=en&msa=0&ll=38.134557,64.335938&spn=32.096955,79.013672&z=4&msid=100200157635141367418.0004794ba3385d190c4c3

  18. zheng fang side..
    Dear Kate Pullinger and Chris Joseph

    Firstly, I want to thank you two. Thank you for give me an amazing Inanimate Alice. I never see the same style before and I really enjoy it. So I decide to write this letter to thanks. Inanimate Alice is a very creative and interesting story, and I am intriguing that so many different elements into one story. The music, videos, games, pictures, and Alice all elements are made in to one holistic perfectly and naturally. Secondly, I am interesting in the programs which you use to make this story? Is it a flash program? Because I like to make some flashes videos or games, and I always have problem with connection. Most of my works are incoherence and immaturity; can you give me some advices? Finally, I think Alice is a lonely person. Due to her father's job constantly requiring her family to travel around the world, it would be extremely difficult for Alice to frequently be forced to make new friends or try to keep in contact with old friends. Will she change in the future and I cannot wait for see next part.
    Thank you for reading.

    Zheng fang

  19. Dear Kate Pullinger and Chris Joseph,

    Your work on “inanimate Alice” intrigued me into the many different types of stories out there and how they can be written. After listening and clicking along to the many activities within this story I have found that not only do I quite enjoy this type of story, but it gets me involved and interested in the other stories out there just like this one. Your transliterary piece makes me wonder: do you have any more out there like this one? Is this your only story like this? If so, do you write and novels, children’s books, and or any challenging narratives? This type of story is very interesting as it combines the right amount of imagination, hands on activities and sound that all come together quite beautifully.
    Alice seems like a lost child as she is always searching for her parents but at the same time has enough independence to find things out on her own. Her handy gadget that she takes everywhere with her is quite fascinating with all the things you’ve incorporated that she can do while on this device. The two destinations so far that she has been located at lead me to wonder what type of work her parents do, and if that is the reason behind all her travels. And if she is in school, learning like young children do in elementary or if she is homeschooled. Your book provokes a lot of questions and curiosity that most books don’t have. It keeps people coming back for more and I am definitely one of those people. Being a virgin to these types of transliterary pieces, I must say you have something good going for you and wish you well on all your future endeavours. Thank you for sharing your book with me and the world.


    Kayla Harris

  20. Dear Kate Pullinger and Chris Joseph,

    I’d like to begin by saying how amazing Inanimate Alice truly is. The combination of trans-literacy and story-telling is a rare bread and fresh concept. While watching the first few episodes a few times over, some details about the story aren’t as clear as I originally thought they were. For example, in episode one there’s a heavy buzzing noise near the end of the episode, as well as statically hazy or overlapping text throughout. As a viewer, I’m curious if these are to just simply add to the effect of what’s going on around Alice, or is there a deeper meaning relating to memory? The answer to this question may come about watching all ten episodes. But, thus far I’m curious to know if the concept of “Inanimate Alice” is that of a person looking back on their life and recalling child hood memories? Or is the story of “Inaminate Alice” intended to play out in real time?

    It’s easy to note for a viewer how important the lighting effects are, and how they come into play. Until about episode four, everything seems to be dark and gloomy like. Backgrounds, imagery, and even the guard at the Russian toll booth all appear rather dark. The only images that tend to really pop out with vivid colour and brightness are Alice’s games. When Alice's games come onto the screen they’re colourful and bright, and seem to portray Alice's joy. Is this an indication of how Alice views the world during her younger years? Is it that she finds hope and mental shelter in her imaginative video game world because her world is dark around her? Moreover, do the Matryoshka dolls act as a symbol for money? Essentially, having the viewer search for them, and bribe the Russian guard makes it feel that way. Perhaps having the dolls take place of money might be a way to show how Alice’s vivid imagination plays a role in her child hood memories? Thank you, I look forward to the remaining episodes and how future events will play out.

    Scott Robertson.

  21. Tyler Chorneyko
    Inanimate Alice blog assignment:
    Google map:

  22. Dear Kate Pullinger and Chris Joseph,

    The way you developed your story with trans-literacy really does help the reader get a better understanding of your story. It allows the reader to learn about Alice's life from her point of view and to be able to experience the same events and feelings that take place in her life. The music, text, and video are easy to follow and allow for smooth transitions throughout the story. My favorite part is the music, and I was curious about how you decided on what music to use to generate the emotional response that was needed for the story. I hope the emotion I felt for Alice continues in the episodes to come.

    The visiual effects definetly go along with the mood of the story and makes you believe you are actually in Alice's shoes. For example, when she cannot find her dad in the first episode, and then her parents in the second episode, the mood is very sad and dark. Also, when she talks about her tutor in episode two the mood is light and happy. You can truly feel the change in mood not only in Alice, but within yourself as well.
    I would also like to thank you for having an interactive story. It makes the reader get more invloved and allows for the reader to understand and appreciate what is going on throughout the story. How did you come up with all the interactive games? Are there games that referenced to? Thank you for the creativity and time that was involved in the making of Inanimate Alice. It is a wonderful story that I want to continue following and I hope that I learn more in the episodes to come.

    Tasha Stevenson

  23. http://maps.google.ca/maps/ms?ie=UTF8&hl=en&vps=1&jsv=191a&oe=UTF8&msa=0&msid=117980320509935724964.0004794d55f56a01c8cbd

  24. http://maps.google.com/maps/ms?hl=en&ie=UTF8&msa=0&msid=104142814176273881483.0004795704fea28febd64&ll=57.421294,62.929688&spn=49.359084,158.027344&z=3

  25. Tyler Chorneyko
    Inanimate Alice blog assignment:
    Google map:

    Link: http://maps.google.com/maps/ms?msa=0&ie=UTF8&msid=100669981867761268146.0004794c36500ae63fce3&z=3


    Dear Kate Pullinger and Chris Joseph,

    I just recently had recently had my first multi-modal literary experience with "Intimate Alice". I found this genre of narrative to be quite intriguing and unique. It captures your attention and envelops you in the story, as a movie would, and yet does not prohibit imaginative interpretation on the part of the reader. As for the story itself, the common theme in the first two episodes appeared to be Alice's isolation. Due to her fathers work, her living situation is somewhat turbulent, and it seems that she is unable to establish any sort of stability. As a result, she lacks intimate interaction with her peers. This leads her to create an imaginary friend, Brad, and place great value on her "player". I assume that you are making a sociological comment on the use of technology as a substitute for traditional social relationships.

    This leads me to my next question: what is the depth of the allegory in your story? I often wonder when I analyze a piece of literature if I am over analyzing it, and if the author or creator intended for it to be interpreted literally. For example, is Alice supposed to represent a generation of children who, in such a globalized and technologically advanced society, are not provided with circumstances conducive to normal development? Also, is her use of her "player" as a coping mechanism and companion intended to illustrate the disturbing notion that technology may one day become so sophisticated that humans can essentially be created?

    Regardless of the response to these inquires, I enjoyed the first two episodes and look forward to advancing on in the story.


    Dan McDonald

  27. Dear All -

    Thanks for all these many kind and interesting comments and thoughts about 'Inanimate Alice'. I know Chris and Ian have already responded, and I don't have much to say, except I hope you are enjoying working with Dr Laccetti! If you do produce your own versions of Inanimate Alice episodes, be sure to let us know where we can view them.

    All best - Kate Pullinger

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